Civil Engineering


Structural Elements for Architects and Builders Design of Columns, Beams and Tension Elements in Wood, Steel and Reinforced Concrete By Jonathan Ochshorn

Contents Preface ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. vii List of examples …………………………………………………………………………………………….ix List of appendices ………………………………………………………………………………………… xi CHAPTER 1 Statics ………………………………………………………………………………….. 1 Tributary areas ……………………………………………………………………….. 2 Equilibrium ……………………………………………………………………………. 7 Reactions ……………………………………………………………………………… 10 Internal forces and moments ………………………………………………….. 17 Indeterminate structures ………………………………………………………… 31 Strength of materials ……………………………………………………………… 33 CHAPTER 2 Loads ………………………………………………………………………………….. 39 Dead loads ……………………………………………………………………………. 39 Live loads …………………………………………………………………………….. 41 Environmental loads ………………………………………………………………. 46 CHAPTER 3 Material properties ……………………………………………………………. 61 Wood …………………………………………………………………………………… 63 Steel …………………………………………………………………………………….. 68 Reinforced concrete ……………………………………………………………… 70 CHAPTER 4 Sectional properties ………………………………………………………….. 73 Wood …………………………………………………………………………………… 73 Steel …………………………………………………………………………………….. 74 Reinforced concrete…

Masonry Design and Detailing For Architects and Contractors Fifth Edition

Introduction Brick is the oldest manufactured building material, invented almost 10,000 years ago. Its simplicity, strength, and durability led to extensive use and gave it a dominant place in history alongside stone. Rubble stone and mud bricks, as small, easily handled materials, could be stacked and shaped to form enclosures of simple or complex design. Hand-shaped, sun-dried bricks, reinforced with such diverse materials as straw and dung, were so effective that kiln-fired bricks did not appear until the third millennium B.C., long after the art of pottery had demonstrated the…