To derive the formula of the surface area of a cube, you will need to start with a cube as shown below and call the length of one side a.

In order to make a cube like the one shown above, you basically use the following cube template:

Looking at the cube template, it is easy to see that the cube has six sides and each side is a square

The area of one square is a × a = a^{2}

Since there are six sides, the total surface area, call it SA is:

SA = a^{2} + a^{2} + a^{2} + a^{2} + a^{2} + a^{2}

SA = 6 × a^{2}

**Example #1:**

Find the surface area if the length of one side is 3 cm

Surface area = 6 × a^{2}

Surface area = 6 × 3^{2}

Surface area = 6 × 3 × 3

Surface area = 54 cm^{2}

**Example #2:**

Find the surface area if the length of one side is 5 cm

Surface area = 6 × a^{2}

Surface area = 6 × 5^{2}

Surface area = 6 × 5 × 5

Surface area = 150 cm^{2}

**Example #3:**

Find the surface area if the length of one side is 1/2 cm

Surface area = 6 × a^{2}

Surface area = 6 × (1/2)^{2}

Surface area = 6 × 1/2 × 1/2

Surface area = 6 × 1/4

Surface area = 6/4 cm^{2}

Surface area = 3/2 cm^{2}

Surface area = 1.5 cm^{2}